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What Explains Vietnam’s Exceptional Performance in Education Relative to Other Countries? Analysis of the 2012 and 2015 PISA Data

On the 2012 and 2015 PISA assessments, Vietnam’s performance ranks much higher than that of all other developing countries, and even ahead of richer countries such as the U.S. and the U.K. This is especially remarkable since Vietnam was the poorest or second-poorest PISA participant. We provide the first rigorous investigation of Vietnam’s strong performance.


Hai-Anh Dang, Paul Glewwe, Jongwook Lee, Khoa Vu