Ennum Ezhuththum

The Tamil Nadu Foundational Literacy and Numeracy Mission

Vision: To attain universal foundational literacy and numeracy skills for children in Std. 3 by 2025.

Year of launch: 2021

About the Project

The National Education Policy (2020) identifies the highest priority of the education system as achieving universal foundational literacy and numeracy in primary schools by 2025. As the Chief Management Partners of Ennum Ezhuththum – the Tamil Nadu State Foundational Literacy and Numeracy (FLN) Mission, we are working with Samagra Shiksha and the Department of School Education, Tamil Nadu to integrate multiple facets of our FLIP programme into the folds of the state education system, and thereby improve foundational learning skills across the state.

The core programme components of FLIP, including the multi-stakeholder and multi-pronged approach, have been absorbed and institutionalised into the state-led FLN Mission programme.

6T Model

Teaching Learning Material (TLM): Skill based, culturally relevant, teaching learning material mapped to state syllabi and international standards

Training: Tech-enabled training courses to improve teacher competencies

Tracking: Collection and analyses of meaningful data to drive informed policy decisions

Tutoring at home: Empowering the parent community with information and tools to support their children’s early learning needs

Targeted communication: Communication and advocacy efforts designed to increase awareness about the criticality of foundational learning among all relevant stakeholders

Technology: Simple, contextual, and scalable tech tools are at the heart of what we build

“The highest priority of the education system will be to achieve universal foundational literacy and numeracy in primary schools by 2025.” (NEP 2020)

Foundational Learning Improvement Programme (FLIP)

Vision: To reimagine school systems and eliminate the foundational learning crisis in Tamil Nadu by 2030.

Year of launch: 2019

Identifying the foundational learning crisis in India as a key focus area, we are working towards improving critical learning outcomes in literacy and numeracy among children through our Foundational Learning Improvement Programme (FLIP). Through targeted interventions based on a 6T approach, FLIP supports the government in improving teaching learning materials, teacher training, and tracking of data by engaging with multiple facets of the issue and all levels of stakeholders in an integrated manner, leveraging technology to amplify reach and impact.

Literacy and Language Development Programme (LLDP)


Objective: To improve the quality of transaction in English as a subject and a language

Year: 2018-2019

Literacy and Language Development Programme (LLDP) is a system-capacity building programme that pioneers the use of technology and data to bring about tangible improvements in grade-level English literacy skills among primary school students in Tamil Nadu. The programme aimed to improve the language proficiency of teachers using immersive and experiential teaching techniques, and make language learning an organic and effortless process for the teachers and the students. This was done through contextualising the teaching learning content and training processes, moderating the learning pace for the teachers, making the programme immersive and leveraging technology to gain project delivery insights.

In the academic year 2018-19, LLDP was implemented across Grade 1 classrooms in approximately 1800 schools in 2 districts, Chennai and Tiruvannamalai. In 2018, Madhi also collaborated with the State Council for Educational Research and Training (SCERT) to contribute towards the English textbook revision project in Tamil Nadu.

Transformational Academic Programme (TAP)


Objective: To transform classrooms and teaching-learning processes to improve student learning outcomes

Year: 2016-2018

The Transformational Academic Programme (TAP) was designed with a theory of change that when ready-to-use toolkits, which are aligned to the state syllabus are coupled with experiential and modularized training, teachers will be exposed to strong pedagogic strategies that will lead to improved learning outcomes.

TAP reached over 2000 children across 15 schools in Chennai.

Foundational Learning Over WhatsApp (FLOW)

Objective: To provide daily educational content directly to students and parents in Tamil Nadu in the context of COVID-19 related school closures

Year of Launch: 2020. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic

In response to a rising need for low contact education, Foundational Learning Over WhatsApp (FLOW) aims to deliver continued education on foundational learning skills to children of grades 1, 2 and 3 in Tamil Nadu, while addressing the barriers to accessing technology in low income households of India. By leveraging simple and cost-efficient technology, the programme is designed to work with infrequent internet connectivity, in local languages, and for those unfamiliar with the technology used.

Madhi Foundation is collaborating with Equitas Gurukul to launch this programme across their schools situated in 8 districts and we currently provide daily worksheets and videos to over 1800 children with the support of over 100 teachers.

State Educators and Executive Development Programme (SEED)

Objective: To empower educators and executives and equip them with the skills to meet the demands of virtual classrooms, online project delivery and administration

Year of Launch: 2020. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic

SEED hopes to bridge a critical skill gap in delivering educational content in the age of virtual classrooms and the context of education in a post-COVID world. Through SEED, Madhi will co-create with the state, capacity development content around digital project management, team management, teaching online, conducting classroom observations, and using Google Suite and MS Office. This will be delivered through virtual webinars and will be supplemented by a proven peer learning support model developed by Madhi. SEED emphasises experiential learning, offering participants the opportunity to submit their work and receive feedback. Each participant also receives a certificate recognising their effort towards honing their competencies.

Over 300 State and District level officials have already signed up for this 10-part virtual programme.

Happy Learners

Objective: To ensure that every child, irrespective of access to internet or smartphones, is able to continue learning at home.

Year of Launch: 2020. In response to the COVID-19 pandemic

In light of the ongoing school closures and lockdown, Madhi Foundation, in partnership with the Government of Tamil Nadu is implementing this new low-cost tech-enabled programme to deliver daily learning content to children with little or no access to internal and technology. Happy Learners ensure home learning in collaboration with teachers using a combination of IVRS based phone calls and printed books and worksheets, thus ensuring equitable reach. A digital tracker has been designed for the teachers to monitor the progress of their children on a weekly basis. With the support of teachers, children have the opportunity to learn at their own pace, clear doubts and be assessed regularly from their homes.

The project has been launched across Chennai and Tiruvannamalai districts, where over 9500 children have been provided with Happy Learners’ Books, and over 450 teachers have been onboarded onto the programme.

Project Maths and Language Achievers (MALA)

Mala logo for website

Objective: To increase parental and community engagement and awareness on the importance of foundational literacy and numeracy, and empower the community with the tools to support children in attaining strong foundational learning skills.

Year of launch: 2021 (proposed)

Project MALA aims to increase awareness about the importance of foundational learning, and co-opt parents as critical stakeholders in improving their children’s foundational learning skills. The programme will be delivered through community learning centres set up to mitigate the learning loss due to COVID-19 related school closures, as well as through a larger mass outreach project and community engagement strategies to strengthen the education system from the supply side.

The project will be launched in two phases, starting with community learning centres until the reopening of primary schools. It will then expand its purview to launch mass communication campaigns aimed to improve public awareness, and a mobile application to empower parents across the state of Tamil Nadu.

Sandbox Schools

Objective: To set up 5 model schools that act as incubation centres for the latest research on foundational learning pedagogy

Year of launch: 2021 (proposed)

While Madhi works with the government to implement large-scale interventions, there are many ideas that need to be validated in a controlled sandbox environment before being set up for scale. With the aim of developing such laboratory schools, we will work with 5 government schools over the course of a year, and evaluate the proof of excellence of Madhi’s theory of change. The model schools will serve as the ideal learning environment for pedagogical and administrative initiatives, the outcomes of which will be relevant for typical under-resourced government schools in Tamil Nadu, and elsewhere in India. The Sandbox Schools pilot programme will feed valuable research and knowledge back into the larger ecosystem with the support of our Centre for Research and Innovation on Foundational Learning (CRIFL) team.